This is a collection of essays by a group of Malaysia academics who are also social or cultural activists. Their premise is two-fold: first, lasting peace only comes with social justice and participatory democracy; and second, nations and communities are held together not only by the state and political elites but also by non-state non-elite actors. Part I of the book maps the landscape of political conflict and violence in modern Malaysia. Part II contains five essays that elaborate on the new types of conflict and bottom-up efforts in peace building that have arisen since the 1970s. Part III contains four chapters focusing on the role of the arts and new media in fostering peace building.